GW: Life & Times

Questions — Master of Mount Vernon: Farm Reports and Slavery

Use the transcription of the Farm Report below to answer questions.
1. This report is written in the middle of winter. What types of work are the slaves engaged in during this season? What are the major crops at Mount Vernon?
2. Were there any births at Mount Vernon this week? Deaths? Injuries?
3. How do jobs seem to be divided up between male and female slaves?
4. The overseer who wrote this report, James Anderson, makes a suggestion at the end for Washington to read. What is it?

[12-18 February 1797]

A Meteorological account of the Weather Kept at Mount Vernon

Feby 1797

12 In the Morning 47 N.W. clear 49 W. clear 50 S. clear
13 46 E. cloudy 48 E. raining 48 N.E. raining
14 45 N. raining 46 N. rainy 45 W. cloudy
15 45 S.w. clear 47 W. clear 45 W. clear
16 36 N.W. clear 42 W. clear & Blowing 40 W. clear
17 40 S. & cloudy some showers 42 S. cloudy 40 S. cloudy & raining
18 41 E. Rain 42 N.E. Rain 40 N.W. clear

Feby 18 1797
Dr. Mansion house for the Work of 8 hands Amot. per Week
48
days
Cr. By Hauling Hay 2 days & Timber 2, flatt Rails 2 days
6
 
  " 3 Horse Cart hauling Hay & Straw 3. & Manure to Garden 2
5
 
  " do Hauling Meal from the Mill &ca
1
 
  " 2 Horse Cart hauling Wood to Mansion &ca
4
 
  " do Wood & leaves &ca to Coal Kill
2
 
  " Joe Pruning of Trees
6
 
  " Grubing & burning Brush 9 & cuting Wood 6
15
 
  " Cuting coal wood & Attending at Kill
6
 
  Sick Lucey
3
 
   
48
 

Dr. Ditchers for the work of 4 hands Amount. per Week
24
days
Cr. By working on the Old Mill Race
8
 
  " cuting coal wood 4 & Mortoising Posts 6
10
 
  " planting a Hedge at the Mill
6
 
   
24
 

Stock 1 Stud horse 3 Stud Jacks. 3 Young do. 7 Horses. & 10 Jeanets, 9 Working & 16 mules unbroke 15 Cows & 8 Wedders

Dr. Mudy Hole for the work of 14 hands Amt. per Week
84
days
Cr. By Hauling Corn & Wheat to Mill 1. Carting Rails 4 days
5
 
  " Ploughing
19
 
  " Making & repairing fences
34
 
  " cuting & Mauling Rails 5 days Grubing at M.
House 2 days
7
 
  " Shelling Corn in Wett Weather
13
 
  " Sick Nancy
6
 
   
84
 

Stock 7 Horses 4 Mules 37 H. Cattle 2 Calves 49 Sheep & 10 Lambs--the increase 2 Lambs

Corn Sent to Mill
9 Bu.
 
Wheat Sent to Mill
8
do fed to Stock
3
 
do in Tailings
15¼
 
12
 
Oats fed to Stock
4 Bu.

Dr. River Farm for the Work of 27 hands Amot. per Week
162
days
  Cr. By ploughing 28 days & fencing 15 days
43
 
  " hauling wheat & Corn to Mill
4
 
  " Loading Carts & Hauling Straw
8
 
  " Hauling wood 2 days & Manure 2 days
4
 
  " Repairing old Post & Rail fencing
25
 
  " Spreading Manure
8
 
  " Grubing 26. And attending to Stock 12 days
38
 
  " Stoped by Rain
25
 
Sick John 1 day & Agnes in Child bed 6 days
7
 
   
162
 

Stock 11 Horses 1 Colt & 21 Mules 84 H. Cattle 6 Calves--203 Sheep & 67 Lambs. Increased 1 Calf & 13 Lambs.

Wheat Sent to Mill
65
Bushels
Corn to Mill
25½
Bu.
do fed to Stock
27
do
 
52½
 

Dr. Union Farm for the Work of 23 hands Amounting per Week
138
 
Cr. By Ploughing 18. & planting Hedges 8 days
26
 
  " Grubing in the Mill Swamp
40
 
  " cuting & Mauling Rails
15
 
  " making fences 20 & cuting in Mill Swamp 12 days
32
 
  " Hauling Manure. & Rails
12
 
  " Hauling Wheat. & Wood to the Mill & Distillery
2
 
  " Making Post & Rails fences 4 Hauling Stalks into Cow Yard 3
7
 
  " cleaning of Wheat
4
 
   
138
 

Stock 16 Horses 6 Mules 68 Horned Cattle 13 Year Olds & 2 Calves 118 Sheep Decreased 1 Sheep died

Corn sent to Mill
20
Bush.   Wheat Sent to Mill 56
do fed to Stock
5
do   Tailings sent to Disty 35

Dr. Dogue run for the Work of 16 Hands Amot. per Week
96
days
Cr. By cuting & Sawing Timber for flatt rails
10
 
  " making Posts. & Mauling Rails 12, puting up Post. & Rails 17
29
 
  " Grubing & burning Brush
30
 
  " Carting Rails 5 And wood 1 day
6
 
Sick Sall twine 6. Charity 6, Agnes 3 Judith 3 & Simons 3 days
21
 
   
96
 

Stock 4 Horses 1 Colt & 8 Mules 69 H. Cattle 1 Calf And 138 Sheep And 1 Lamb Increased 1 Lamb

Corn Sent to Mill
12
Bushels
do fed to Stock
5
do

Dr.
Mill
Wheat
Corn
To
Mudy Hole
8
 
9.2
  do in Tailings  
15¼
 
"
Dogue run    
12
"
Union
56
 
20
"
River Farm
65
 
25.2
"
Union Farm      
  Tailings  
35
 
 
Wheat
129
tailings
67
     
50¼
 
   

Contra
Cr.
C. meal
Flour
H.
Bran
     
Fine
Med.
   
By
Mudy hole
8.2
       
"
Dogue run
12
       
"
Union Farm
15.2
       
"
River Farm
13.2
     
8.2
"
Mansion house
19.2
   
1.2
14.
"
John Violet
1
       
"
Jas Anderson
1
     
5.
  & his Servts
3
       
"
John Neale
1.2
       
"
William Stewart
1
       
"
Mansion house of
<screenings>
 
1 Bu.
     
Delivered the Stills of Sheep Stuff    
200
<cut.>
   
Cooper Miller & boys
1.1
       
 
 
75.2
1 Bu.
  1.2 27.2
   
200 <cut.>
   
 

Packed this Week 37 Barlls Super fine flour fine 3 med. Superfine in Mill 80 Barlls fine 9. & midlings 1

Dr.
Coopers for 1 Man & one boy Amot. per week
12
days
Cr.
By dressing Barrel Staves 6 cuting hoop poles 4
10
 
  " doing some Jobs in the Distillery
2
 
   
12
 
       
  Miller Ben. Working in the Mill
6 days

Dr.
Carpenters for the work of 7 Men Amot. per Week
42
 
Cr.
By working at the Distillery
16
 
  " working at Dogue run Barn floor
11
 
  " fixing the Bolting Gears in the Mill
1
 
  " Hauling Timbers for the Barn at Dogue run
1
 
  " Davy Burying his Child
1
 
  " Isacc & Joe in the Shop--Making a 3 horse Cart for Mansion house--one plough for Mudy hole. & a Childs Coffin. & hewing of Timber for the use of the Shop
12
 
   
42
 

Dr.
Brick layers for the Work of 2 Men Amot. per Week
12
days
Cr.
By Tom Davis & Muckles at Town with the Boat
2
 
  " Tom Davis Mending Seines
5
 
  " diging Brick Clay 2 at Distillery 1
3
 
  " repairing Allisons fire place
1
 
  " Working in Shop When it rained
1
 
   
12
 

Dr.
Spiners, Sewers, & Knitters for the work of 15 Women per Week
90
 
Cr.
By Matilda Spining
6 lb. Tow Yarn
6
 
  " Delia
5 lb. do
6
 
  " Betsey Davis
5 lb. do
6
 
  " Alsey
5 lb. do
6
 
  " Annie
5 lb. do
6
 
  " Delphia
2½ lb. do
6
 
  " Judith
4 lb. Stocking Yarn
6
 
  " Kattey
2 lb. Sewing thread
6
 
  " Charlotte Sewing
6 Shirts
4
 
  " Dolsey Sewing 6 do being Sickly
6
 
  " Lucey Knitting 1 pr Stockings
6
 
  " Lame Alley 1 pr do
6
 
  " Sall Winding Yarn  
6
 
Sick, Caroline 6 Doll 6 And Charlotte
Lame peter Knitting 2 pairs Stockings 6 days
14
 
 
90
 
     
Dr.Gardeners for the Work of 3 Men Amot. per Week
18
 
Cr. By Working in the Garden
18
 

Herculus & Siras diging Brick Clay
10
Stoped by Rain
2
 
12

Frank Airing & cleaning the House. And Assisting by times

 
Stud H.
Stud J.
Horses.
Mules
Jeanets
Total
Mansion
1
6
7
25
10
49
Mudy hole    
7
4
 
11
River Farm    
12
11
 
23
Union Farm    
16
6
 
22
Dogue run    
5
8
 
13
 
 
1
6
47
54
10
118
 
 
Cattle.
Calves
Total
Sheep
Lambs
Tot.
Mansion
15
 
15
8
 
8
Mudy hole
37
2
39
49
10
59
River Farm
84
6
90
203
67
270
Union Farm
81
2
83
118
 
118
Dogue run
69
1
70
138
1
139
 
 
286
11
297
518
78
594
 
Jas Anderson
3
1
4
     

There are 3 Negroe Children Born, & one dead at River Farm 1 born at Mansion house. Sina 1 And at Union Farm 1 born & one dead--It was killed by Worms. Medical Assistance was called--But the mothers are very innatentive to their Young--A Nurse, & some place set a part for the sick may be <thot> on when Your Ex. returns.